Foundation 101

Aloha, beautiful people of the Inter-webs! Today, I am sharing a new beauty 101 post with you all! I will be doing these every month from now on. I have had a couple of beauty 101 posts before, and I think that they would be really informative to you all, and to the new beginners to makeup. This month I am sharing ‘Foundation 101’ with you all. I have written eyeliner 101, and makeup brush 101 in the past. So… Lets get this over with, just kidding I love writing for you guys.

First of all, you have to know your skin-type, under-tone, and you skin-tone. Lets start with your skin-type; you should know if you have oily, dry, normal, sensitive, or combo skin. This is so you can find out which foundation is best for your skin. Take this quiz to find out what you skin type is. The next step is to find your under-tone. you have to know if you have a cool, warm, or neutral under-tone. Take this quiz to know your under-tone. The last thing is to find you skin-tone. The best way to do this is to go to a store and swatch foundation shades on your skin, or even better, ask a sales person to match your skin. Try to swatch the foundation on your jaw and not the back of your hand, because you face is most-probably not the same shade as your hand.


Now lets talk about kinds of foundations and coverages:

The coverage is the amount of pigment in the foundation and how much of your skin is actually sowing through.

  • BB & CC Creams

I will have a whole other post on this, but for now I will give you a small description of each one. BB stands for beauty balm; it is kind of dumb to call it a bb cream, because you are literally saying beauty balm cream… That isn’t the point, lest not get off topic. CC stands for colour correction, which just, simply, colour corrects your face. If you have good/clear skin, then you should probably wear a bb or cc cream.

  • Sheer Coverage Foundation

This has a bit more coverage than a bb or cc cream, but is still lets your natural skin show though. You would mostly wear this when you have good skin, and just want to even out your skin. This feels really light on the skin, so it is easy to wear during the day. This covers minor imperfections and blemishes, but still lets you skin show through.

  • Medium Coverage Foundation

This is the most common amount of coverage you will find. This will cover minor imperfections without the help of concealer, and will look good on all skin types. This will appear fairly natural on the skin, but not as natural as the sheer coverage. If you have problematic skin, this will cover most of your blemishes.

  • Full Coverage Foundation

This is the most coverage out of all of them. It will feel quite heavy on the skin, but it will cover all imperfections. You don’t need any concealer with this, this alone is more than a concealer. This will sometimes look cake, depending on how you apply it, and le’mme tell you: you don’t want a cake face. I don’t recommend full coverage, unless you really need it.


Now lets talk about finishes:

The finish of a foundation is like the look it leaves.

  • Matte

This is when the foundation looks powdery. This is best for oily skin, because as you know, you want to look as matte as you can. This is also great if you want to be out of the house really quick and don’t have time to set your makeup with a powder.

  • Dewy

This is when your foundation as a glaze on it. That doesn’t really sound good, but if you think about it, in the summer you want that healthy glow, and a dewy foundation is going to give you that.

  • Natural

This is like a mixture of the two, it just looks like normal skin. That is it… It just looks like normal skin.

~Rawan M

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